The Pancreas Registry and Biobank established by the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group aims to understand the development and treatment of pancreatic diseases and serves as a database for genetic studies. The disease group includes acute and chronic pancreatitis, as well as pancreatic cancer. Clinical data are recorded in the registry, and whole blood samples have been placed in the biobank for research purposes.
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases requiring urgent hospitalization worldwide, which has significant morbidity and mortality. The annual incidence of AP varies from country to country, with an average of approximately 13 to 80 cases per 100,000 population. The incidence of the disease has been steadily increasing over the last decades.
AP can lead to life-threatening complications. According to the 2012 Atlanta classification, the disease has three degrees of severity. While mild AP has no local and systemic complications and the mortality rate is negligible, complications appear in moderate and severe AP. In severe AP, mortality reaches 15-25%. There are multiple predictive scoring systems but all have their shortcomings so that current guidelines propose a three-dimensional approach to predict disease severity.
Adequate therapy saves life. Although much basic research and many clinical studies were conducted to understand the disease, we do not have specific therapy that can effectively improve disease outcome yet.
Late complications often develop. Recurrent AP develops in 20% and chronic pancreatitis in 7-12% of cases. Little information is available on the follow-up of these patients. Common late complications are the disorders of carbohydrate metabolism (pancreatogenic diabetes) and, less frequently, exocrine pancreas insufficiency.
In 2012, the Hungarian Pancreas Study Group launched registries for pancreatic diseases to advance research and patient care. In the AP registry, prospective, international, multicentric data collection is performed. The registry has several roles: